The community language of the Groote Eylandt Archipelago is Anindilyakwa. The Anindilyakwa language is Indigenous and unique to our islands and is one of the very strongest Australian Indigenous languages. It is spoken by nearly 100% of the Aboriginal communities on Groote Eylandt and Bickerton Island, and is learnt as a mother tongue/first language in most Aboriginal families on the islands.
It is a rich, complex and beautiful language. The language is an extremely important part of expressing our identity and our knowledge of our island and its people, environment, history and lore.
Judy Lalara, Language Officer: "Our language is important for all 3 of our communities. It is important for children to learn for the future. We talk strong. We want to keep our language safe we don’t want to lose it from our tongue. It is the language which our old people spoke. They taught us. They said keep it strong and don’t let it die. It is a gift from our ancestors. It connects to the land, river down to the sea and surrounds the island. My totem travelled from the mainland towards central hill. I know my family tree and my Grandfather was from Bickerton Island. I was born here at Angurugu at the hospital near the edge of the river. I think the language was a special gift for everyone. I got all the explanation from my father, he was a song man. As he sang he explained to me. He explained about the creation."
Linguists describe our language as having one of the most complex grammars of all the world's languages, and as being nearly impossible to learn!
Further information in and about the Anindilyakwa language together with links to various language resources:
See also our resources:
- News & Information
- Word of the Day
- Language Resources
- Books, CDs and DVDs
- Groote Eylandt coastal placenames
- Living Archive of Aboriginal Languages: Anindilyakwa
- Northern Territory Library iStories [app for iPhone/iPad]: Anindilyakwa
- Marie-Elaine van Egmond PhD thesis: Enindhilyakwa phonology, morphosyntax and genetic position
- Laura Rademaker: Language, History, Land: Stories of Anindilyakwa and English
- Velma Leeding PhD thesis: Anindilyakwa phonology and morphology
- James Bednall (Crikey) article: Spotlighting Australia's languages: Anindilyakwa
- Aboriginal Languages of Australia: Anindilyakwa [aoi]
- Glottolog: Anindilyakwa
- Wikipedia: Enindhilyagwa language
- OLAC: OLAC resources in and about the Anindilyakwa language
- World Atlas of Language Structures: Anindilyakwa
- Judith Stokes (SIL) article: Anindilyakwa Phonology
- Indigenous Hip Hop Projects (IHHP): Umbakumba music video
- Indigenous Hip Hop Projects (IHHP): Angurugu music video
- Indigenous Hip Hop Projects (IHHP): Milyakburra music video